a. All firefighting equipment shall be conspicuously located, accessible, and inspected periodically, and maintained in operating condition. An annual service check and monthly visual inspections are required for fire extinguisher.
b. All employees must know the location of fire fighting equipment in the work area and have knowledge of its use and application.
c. Only approved safety cans shall be used for handling or storing flammable liquids in quantities greater than one gallon. For one or less gallon, only the original container or a safety can will be used.
d. When heat producing equipment is used, the work area must be kept clear of all fire hazards and all sources of potential fires will be eliminated.
e. A salamander or other open-flame device will not be used in confined or enclosed structures without proper ventilation. Heaters will be vented to the atmosphere and located an adequate distance from walls, ceilings and floors.
f. Fire extinguisher will be available at all times when utilizing heat-producing equipment.
g. Storage of LPG within buildings is prohibited.
a. Toilet facilities shall be provided as required for the number of workers.
b. An adequate supply of potable water shall be provided. The use of a common drinking cup is prohibited.
c. Provisions will be made prior to commencement of the project for prompt medical attention in case of serious injury, to include emergency telephone numbers, transportation, and communications.
d. When no medical facility is reasonably accessible (time and distance) to the worksite, a person who has a valid certificate of first aid training will be available at the worksite to render first aid.
e. Employees must be protected against exposure to hazardous noise levels by controlling exposure or
by use of proper personal protective equipment.
f. Protection against exposure to harmful gases, fumes, dust, and similar airborne hazards must be furnished through proper ventilation or personal respiratory equipment.
g. Any demolition work will be assessed for lead exposure (particularly if drywall or any painted surfaces or abrasive blasting/grinding is involved) and/or asbestos exposure.
Personal Protective and Related Equipment
a. Personal protective equipment must be worn as required for each job in all operations where there is an exposure to hazardous conditions. Equipment requirements will be reviewed by supervisor/foreman, etc.
b. Employees are expected to utilize proper judgement in their personal habits. When they report to work each morning they must be in fit condition to meet daily obligations.
c. Goggles, face shields, helmets and other comparable equipment are required to fit the eye and face protection needs of the employee for each job.
d. Hard hats and steel-toed safety work boots/shoes must be worn by all employees at all times where required.
e. Appropriate gloves, aprons and boots are to be used when necessary for protection against acids and other chemicals which could injure employees' skin.
f. Respiratory equipment in many cases is needed for protection against toxic and hazardous fumes/dusts. Supervisors must verify which equipment meets the need for breathing safety.
g. Some form or element of fall protection must be provided where employees are exposed to any fall hazard of six feet or greater (Exceptions: scaffolds - ten feet, and ladders.) Depending on the situation, this fall protection may be guardrails, safety nets, personal fall arrest systems(harness, lanyard, lifeline), hole covers, or any other appropriate protection.
a. Live electrical parts shall be guarded against accidental contact by cabinets, enclosure, location, or guarding. Cabinet covers will be replace.
b. Working and clear space around electric equipment and distribution boxes will be kept clear and assessable.
c. Circuit breakers, switch boxes, etc. will be legibly marked to indicate their purpose.
e. All extension cords will be three-wire (grounded) type and designed for hard or extra hard usage (Type S, ST, SO, STO, or SJ, SJO, SJT, SJTO). Ground prongs will not be removed. Cords and strain relief devices/clamps will be in good condition.
f. All lamps for general illumination will have the bulbs protected against breakage. Temporary lights will not be suspended by their electrical cords unless cords and lights are designed for such suspension. Flexible cords used for temporary and portable lights will be designed for hard or extra hard usage.
g. Employees will not work in such close (able to contact) proximity to any part of an electric power circuit unless the circuit is deenergized, grounded, or Commented [SOW15]: Clarify that this is for fixed ladders 15 guarded by insulation.
h. Equipment or circuits that are deenergized will be locked out and tagged out. The tags will plainly identify the equipment or circuits being worked on.
a. All gas cylinders will have their contents clearly marked on the outside of each cylinder.
b. Cylinders must be transported, stored, and secured in an upright position. They will never be left laying on the ground or floor, nor used as rollers or supports.
c. Cylinder valves must be protected with caps and closed when not in use.
d. All leaking or defective cylinders must be removed from service promptly, tagged as inoperable and placed in an open space removed from the work area.
e. Oxygen cylinders and fittings will be kept away from oil or grease.
f. When cylinders are hoisted, they will be secured in a cradle, sling-board, or pallet. Valve protection caps will not be used for lifting cylinders from one vertical level to another.
a. Ladders will be periodically inspected by a competent person to identify any unsafe conditions. Those ladders with structural defects will be removed from service, and repaired or replaced.
b. Straight ladders used on other than stable, level, and dry surfaces must be tied off, held, or secured for stability.
c. Portable ladder side rails will extend at least three feet above the upper landing to which the ladder is used to gain access.
d. The top or top step of a stepladder will not be used as a step.
a. Combustible material will be cleared from the area around cutting or welding operations.
b. Welding helmets and goggles will be worn for eye protection and to prevent flash burns. Eye protection to guard against slag while chipping, grinding and dressing of welds will be worn.
c. Only electrode holders specifically designed for arc welding will be used.
d. All parts subject to electrical current will be fully insulated
e. A ground return cable shall have a safe current carrying capacity equal to, or exceeding, the specified maximum output capacity of the arc welding unit that it services.
f. Cables, leads, hoses, and connections will be placed so that there are no fire or tripping hazards.
a. Take special precautions when using power tools. Defective tools will be removed form service.
b. Electric power tools will be the grounded-type or double insulated.
c. Power tools will be turned off and motion stopped before setting tool down.
d. Tools will be disconnected from power source before changing drills, blades or bits, or attempting repair or adjustment. Never leave a running tool unattended.
e. Power saws, table saws, and radial arm saws will have operational blade guards installed and used.
f. Unsafe/defective hand tools will not be used. These include sprung jaws on wrenches, mushroomed head of chisels/punches, and cracked/broken handles of any tool.
g. Portable abrasive grinders will have guards installed covering the upper and back portions of the abrasive wheel. Wheel speed ratings will never be less than the grinder RPM speed.
h. Compressed air will not be used for cleaning purposes except when pressure is reduced to less than 30 psi by regulating or use of a safety nozzle, and then only with effective chip guarding and proper personal protective equipment.
i. Abrasive blasting nozzles will have a valve that must be held open manually.
j. Only trained employees will operate powder-actuated tools.
a. All open sided floors and platforms six feet or more above adjacent floor/ground level will be guarded by a standard railing (top and mid rail, toe board if required).
b. A stairway or ladder will be provided at any point of access where there is a break in elevation of 19 inches or more.
c. All stairways of four or more risers or greater than 30 inches high will be guarded by a handrail or stair rails.
d. When a floor hole or opening (greater than two inches in its least dimension) is created during a work activity through which a worker can fall, step into, or material can fall through, a cover or a safety guardrail must be installed immediately.
e. Safety nets will be provided when workplaces are more than 25 feet above the ground, water, or other surfaces where the use of ladders, scaffolds, catch platforms, temporary floors, safety lines, or safety belts, is impractical.
f. Safety harnesses, lanyards, lines, and lifelines may be used in lieu of other fall protection systems to provide the required fall protection.
g. Adjustment of lanyards must provide for not more than a six foot fall, and all tie off points must be at least waist high.
a. Scaffolds will be erected, moved, dismantled, or altered only under the supervision of a competent person qualified in scaffold erection, moving, dismantling, or alteration.
b. Standard guardrails (consisting of top rail and mid rail) will be installed on all open sides and ends of scaffold platforms and/or work levels more than ten feet above the ground, floor, or lower level.
c. Scaffolds four to ten feet in height with a minimum horizontal dimension in any direction less than 45 inches will have standard railings installed on all opensides/ends.
d. Platforms at all working levels will be fully planked. Planking will be laid tight with no more than one inch space between them, overlap at least 12 inches, and extend over end supports 6 -12 inches.
e. Mobile scaffolds will be erected no more than a maximum height of four times their minimum base dimension.
f. Scaffolds will not be overloaded beyond their design loadings.
g. Scaffold components should not be used as tie-off/anchor points for fall protection devices.
h. Portable ladders, hook-on ladders, attachable ladders, integral prefabricated scaffold frames, walkways, or direct access from another scaffold or structure will be used for access when platforms are more than two feet above or below a point of access.
i. Cross braces will not be used as a mean of access to scaffolds.
j. Scaffolds will not be erected, used, dismantled, altered, or moved such that they or any conductive material handled on them might come closer to exposed and energized power lines than the following:
* Three feet from insulated lines of lessthan300 volts;
* Ten feet plus for any other insulated or uninsulated lines.
a. Any excavation or trench five feet or more in depth will be provided cave-in protection through shoring, sloping, benching, or the use of hydraulic shoring, trench shields, or trench boxes. Trenches less than five feet in depth and showing potential of cave-in will also be provided cave- in protection. Specific requirements of each system are dependent upon the soil classification as determined by a competent person.
b. A competent person will inspect each excavation/trench daily prior to start of work, after every rainstorm or other hazard increasing occurrence, and as needed throughout the shift.
c. Means of egress will be provided in trenches four feet or more in depth so as to require no more than 25 feet of lateral travel for each employee in the trench.
d. Spoil piles and other equipment will be kept at least two feet from the edge of the trench or excavation.
a. All vehicles and equipment will be checked at the beginning of each shift, and during use, to make sure it is in safe operating condition.
b. All equipment left unattended at night adjacent to highways in normal use shall have lights or reflectors, or barricades with lights or reflectors, to identify the location of the equipment.
c. When equipment is stopped or parked, parking brakes shall be set. Equipment on inclines shall have wheels chocked as well as having parking brakes set.
d. Operators shall not use earth-moving or compaction equipment having an obstructed rear view unless vehicle has an audible reverse signal alarm, or is backed only when observer says it is safe to do so.
e. All vehicles shall have inoperable condition:
1. Horn (bidirectional equipment).
2. Seats, firmly secured, for the number of persons carried. Passengers must ride in seats.
3. Seat belts properly installed.
4. Service, parking and emergency brake system.
f. All vehicles with cabs will be equipped with windshields with safety glass.
a. All protruding reinforcing steel, onto and into which employees could fall, shall be guarded to eliminate the impalement hazard.
b. Enclosed chutes will be used when material, trash, and debris are dropped more than 20 feet outside the exterior walls of a building. A substantial gate will be provided near the discharge end of the chute, and guard rails at the chute openings into which workers drop material.